Diterpenes are derived from geranylgeranyl diphosphate. The most common and biologically important is phytol, a precursor of chlorophyll and tocopherols (vitamin E). Other dietary important molecules in diterpenes include stevioside (Stevia rebaudiana, Asteraceae) used as a non-caloric sweetener and ginkgolides (Ginkgo biloba, Ginkgoaceae), a family of diterpene trilactones that are believed to work for anti-aging (See this page for detail). Paclitaxel, or Taxol, for anti-cancer agents from Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia, Taxaceae) is also a diterpene.
Sesterterpenes (C25) are a small group of fungal metabolites.
Design of Di- and Sester-terpene ID numbers ID番号の設計
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